The Kingdom of Airghialla (Oriel)

 

 

 

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Oriel

THE KINGDOM OF AIRGHIALLA

 

According to Murray[1], based on his study of the Mac Fhirbhisigh Genealogies, the territory of Airghialla, at its greatest extent, was divided among the following tribal groups:

 

Cladach (Truagh, Co. Monaghan)

Clann Ceallaigh (Clankelly, Co. Monaghan)

Dartrey (Co. Monaghan)

Farney (Co. Monaghan)

Feara Monach (Fermanagh)

Feara Rois (Fir Rois)

Little Modarn (Mughdhorna Bregh = North Meath and South Monaghan)

Magh Leamhna (around Blackwater, Co. Tyrone)

Mughdorns (Cremorne)

Muintir Pheodachain (in Co. Fermanagh)

Oirthera (Oriors, Co. Armagh)

Tuathratha (Tourah, Co. Fermanagh)

Ui Breasail of Macha (Clanbrassil)

Ui Eathach (Barony of Armagh)

Ui Fiachrach Finn (Along River Derg)

Ui Leighaire (Barony of Lurg, Co. Tyrone)

Ui Meith Macha (between Ballybay and Monaghan)

Ui Seghain (in Co. Meath)

Ui Tuirtre (in Tyrone)

 

John O'Donovan is credited with the view that County Louth originally formed part of Airghialla[2]. Murray concluded that the present County Louth did not form part of the territory, an argument that was quickly rebutted[3]. Connellan says, referring to the area circa the year 1596, that the kingdom comprised the counties of Louth, Armagh and Monaghan.[4]

 

 

The final word on the borders are found in a modern study[5] of the ancient kingdom that places the eastern limit of Airghialla west of the river Bann, the western boundaries are placed east of the river Foyle as far as the river Finn with a line to the northern point of Lower Lough Erne, and the southern boundary following the present border between Monaghan and Cavan into County Louth with a small part of the northern tip of County Meath. Based on the O’Fiach boundaries, it is possible to provide a representation of the territory at it would have been around the 5th century:

 

It is worth pointing out that owing to the very fluid nature of the borders of the territory, brought on by wars with their powerful neighbours and constant internecine strife among the petty-kingdoms of Airghialla at various stages throughout its history, it is seldom that any two maps of the kingdom agree. The above map[6], admittedly quite primitive, is used as it also shows the considerable encroachments later made by the O’Neill into Airghialla. Because of the cartographic distortion of the regions of Tír Connell and the Inishowen peninsula, the map fails to show the considerable coastline between the mouths of the Foyle and Bann rivers. The earliest Anno Domini reference to the kingdom in the Four Masters occurs in the year 111, relating to the burial of Baine, mother of the King at Tara, Feidhlimidh Reachtmhar. It would be another two centuries before Airghialla would become a powerful confederation.

 

If the boundaries of the ancient kingdom throughout the centuries are quite vague, so also has there been some ambiguity concerning the name of the kingdom. Other names include Oirghiall, Oriel, Airgéill and Uriel. The oldest and more correct form is Airghialla[7] denoting both the territory and the name used to describe the inhabitants of the territory.

 

The kings of Airghialla appear to have been selected by means of tanistry (although in the Annals it is clear that the decision was sometimes that of the High King at Tara) until the middle of the 12th century, at which time the surnames of O Carroll and Mag Mathghamhna (the Mac Mahons, who ousted the O Carrolls) predominate.

 

There is a break in the line of kingships from 695 AD until the accession of Cumascach (d.825 AD) in the early 9th century, during which time, according to Murray (quoting other sources) the tribes of Airghialla acknowledged the suzerainty of the Cinel n Eogain (of Aileach). Dillon suggests[8] that the overlordship of Airghialla did not commence until 827 AD after the battle of Leth Cam[9] but this does not explain the lacuna in the succession list. There was famine and pestilence in Ireland from 698 to 700 and a period of dynastic strife among the Airghialla commencing in 698[10]. The Aileach may have taken this opportunity to seize the overlordship.  Even at a later stage it is clear that a single ruler in Airghialla was not always easily achieved, for at the end of the 11th century there were two kings in opposition, Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhagain (d.1099), king of the east of the federation, and Flann Ua hAinbhidh (d.1096), king of south Airghialla.

 

The Book of Rights gives some indication as to the authority and power of the kings of Airghialla over the chiefs of the various tribes within the kingdom and to the degree of subjection of the king to the High King. The kings of Airghialla were not bound to attend a hosting of the High King except for three fortnights every two years (and then not in spring or autumn). They were granted seven cumhals (bond women) for every man of them lost on that hosting, etc., but the most important advantage granted to the king of Airghialla over all other kings, and probably the most significant in terms of status was that '… the seat of the king of Airghialla is beside the seat of the king of Tailtu (Tara, Co. Meath), and the distance of it is so that the sword of the king of Airghialla may reach the tip of the cup-bearer’s hand.[11]' In other words, at the great gatherings or during the various festivals, the king of Airghialla (and also his queen) was entitled to sit beside the High King at Tara, and his sword was allowed to touch the kings hand - a sign of trust. It would appear that in order of precedence, if such existed, the king of Airghialla ranked highly after the High King. The Book of Fenagh[12] says:

 

To the Majestic king of Oirghiall is due,

From the fair-browed king of Ireland,

Free companionship, freedom of contracts,

Stipend and presents.

 

The advance of the northern O’Neill into Airghialla from the 6th century onwards meant that the borders of the territory had considerably diminished by the time of the Norman invasion. Eventually the name Airghialla itself came to refer to the County of Monaghan, ruled by the Ua Cerbaill and later the Mag Mathghamhna, whereas County Louth, within the Pale, was known to its Norman overlords as Uriel.

© J.B. Hall 2006


 

[1] Laurence P. Murray, 'The Ancient Territories of Airghialla, Uladh and Conaille Muirthemhne',  County Louth Archaeological and Historical Journal, 1912.

[2] John O'Donovan, Editor, The banquet of Dun na n-Gedh: and The battle of Magh Rath, Dublin 1842 p.9.

[3] Rev. Nicholas Lawlor, ‘Muirtheimhne’, CLAHJ, 1913, p.156-166.

[4] Owen Connellan, Editor, The Annals of the Four Masters, Dublin 1846, p.602.

[5] Tomás O'Fiach., The kingdom of Airgialla and its sub-kingdoms, UCD thesis no. 820, 1959, pp.41-46.

[6] William Camden, Britannia, 1607 edition (facsimile edition, USA 1970).

[7] Meaning hostage-giver (and certainly not eastern/gold hostages or gold, a direct translation of oirthear/ór and giall). See T. O'Fiach., The kingdom of Airgialla and its sub-kingdoms, UCD thesis no. 820, 1959, p.38.

[8] Miles Dillon, Editor, Lebor Na Cert: The Book of Rights, Dublin 1962, p.81.

[9] See William M. Hennessy and B. MacCarthy,Editors, The Annals of Ulster, Dublin 1887: 'The battle of Leth Cam won by Niall son of Aed  … in which fell Cumuscach and Congalach, two sons of Cathal, and many other kings of the Airgialla'.

[10] Moody, Martin & Byrne, A New History of Ireland, Vol. VIII, Oxford 1982, p.27.

[11] Lebor Na Cert, p.73

[12] W.M. Hennessy, The Book of Fenagh, Dublin 1875

 

 

 

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The following history of Oriel, Uriel, Orgialla, or Ergallia etc. is taken from a foot-note in The Annals of Ireland Translated from the Original Irish of The Four Masters by Owen Connellan, 1846:

Orgialla - The ancient kingdom or principality of Orgiall, comprised an extensive territory in Ulster, and was called by Ware, Usher, Colgan, and other Latin writers, Oryallia and Ergallia; and by the English Oriel and Uriel. In the beginning of the fourth century three warlike princes, called the three Collas, sons of Eochy Doimhlein, son of Cairbre Lifeachar, monarch of Ireland, of the race of Heremon, made a conquest of a great part of Ulster, which they wrested from the old possessors, princes of the race of Ir, called the Clanna Rory, or Rudericians. The three Collas in the great battle of Achalethderg in Fearmuighe, in Dalaradia, on the borders of Down and Antrim, A.D. 332, defeated the forces of Fergus, king of Ulster, who was slain; and the victors burned to the ground Eamhain Macha or Emania, (near the present city of Armagh,) the famous palace of the Ultonian kings, which had stood for six centuries, and had been long celebrated by the Irish bards. The place where this battle was fought is called also Carn Achy-Leth-Derg, and is now known as the parish of Aghaderg, in the barony of Iveagh, county of Down, where there still remains a huge Carn of loose stones near Loughbrickland. The sovereignty of Ulster thus passed from the race of Ir to the race of Heremon. The names of the three chiefs were Colla Uais, or Colla the noble, Colla Meann, or Colla the famous, and Colla-da-Chrich, or Colla of the two territories. Colla Uais became monarch of Ireland A.D. 327, and died A.D. 332. The territory conquered by the three Collas comprised according to Usher, O'Flaherty, and others, the present countries of Louth, Monaghan, and Armagh, and obtained the name of Oirgiall, as stated by O'Halloran, from the circumstance of the Collas having stipulated with the monarch of Ireland, for themselves and their posterity, that if any chiefs of the clan Colla should be at any time demanded as hostages, and if shackled, their fetters should be of gold: thus, from the Irish, or, gold, and giall, a hostage, came the name orgialla. The term, Oriel, or Uriel, was in general confined by the English to the present county of Louth, which in former times was part of Ulster; that province extending to the Boyne at Drogheda. We find in Colgan and MacGeoghegan that the O'Carrolls, a noble clan of the race of the Dal Fiatachs, were at the time of St. Patrick, kings of Orgiall, or that part of it comprising the county of Louth. The Dal Fiatachs or Dalfiatacians, who founded many powerful families in Ulster, particularly in Dalaradia or Down, were descended from Fiatach Fionn, monarch of Ireland at the commencement of the second century, of the race of Heremon. The O'Carrolls continued kings of Orgiall, down to the twelfth century, when they were dispossessed by the Anglo-Normans under John de Courcy. Donogh O'Carroll, prince of Orgiall, the last celebrated head of this race, founded the great Abbey of Mellifont in Louth, in the twelfth century. The territory of Louth is mentioned in the earliest times under the names of Magh Muirtheimhne, or the Plain of Muirthemimhne, so called from Muirtheimhne, son of Breogan, uncle of Milesius, who possessed it. Part of the territory of Louth and Armagh was called Cuailgne, from Cuailgne, another son of Breogan, who, according to our old Annalists, was killed there in a battle between the Milesians and the Tuatha-De-Danans, about a thousand years before the Christian era. Sliabh Cuailgne, now Slieve Gullion mountain in Armagh, acquired its name from the same person. Louth was in ancient times also called Machaire Chonaill, or the Plain of Conall, from Conall Cearnach, or Conall the Victorious, the renowned warrior, who was chief of the Red Branch knights of Ulster, about the commencement of the Christian era, and whose descendants possessed this territory. (It may be here remarked that the celebrated hero of Ossian's poems, Cuchulin, the relative and cotemporary of Conall Cearnach, had his residence at Dun-Dealgan, now Dundalk.) The descendants of Conall Cearnach were the Magennises, lords of Iveagh, in Dalaradia, or county of Down, the O'Moras, or O'Moores princes of Leix, in Kildare and Queen's county, and others. Amongst the other chief clans who possessed Louth were the MacCanns, MacCartans, O'Kellys, O'Moores, O'Callaghans, O'Carraghars, MacColmans, MacCampbells, MacArdells, MacKennys, O'Devins, O'Markys, O'Branagans, Mac-Scanlons, and others.

In the reign of King John, A.D. 1210, Louth was formed into a county, and acquired its name from the town of Louth, in Irish Lugh Mhagh. In the Inquisitions the county is called Lovidia. The chief Anglo-Norman or British families settled in Louth were the De Lacys, De Verdons, De Gernons, De Pepards, De Flemmings, barons of Slane; the Bellews of Barmeath, who had formerly the title of barons of Duleek; the De Berminghams, earls of Louth, a title afterwards possessed by the Plunkets, a great family of Danish descent; the Taaffes, earls of Carlingford; the Balls, Brabazons, Darcys, Dowdals, and Clintons, the Dromgools of Danish descent, &c.; the Fortescues now earls of Claremont, and in more modern times, the family of Gorges, barons of Dundalk; and the Fosters, viscounts Ferard, and barons of Oriel.

The posterity of the three Collas, called clan Colla, founded many powerful clans and noble families in Ulster and other parts of Ireland. From Colla Uais were descended the MacDonnells, earls of Antrim in Ireland, and lords of the Isles in Scotland; also the MacRorys, a great clan in the Hebrides, and also many families of that name in Ulster, anglicised to Rogers.

From Colla da Chrich, were descended the MacMahons, princes of Monaghan, lords of Ferney, and barons of Dartree, at Conagh, where they had their chief seat. The MacMahons were sometimes styled princes of Orgiall. An interesting account of the MacMahons, of Monaghan, is given by Sir John Davis, who wrote in the reign of James the First. It may be observed that several of the MacMahons in former times changed the name to Mathews. The other chief clans of Monaghan were the MacKennas, chiefs of Truagh; the MacCabes; the MacNeneys, anglicised to Bird; the MacArdells; MacCassidys; O'Duffys, and O'Corrys; the O'Cosgras, MacCuskers or MacOscars, changed to Cosgraves, who possessed, according to O'Dugan, a territory called Fearra Rois, which comprised the district about Carrickmacross in Monaghan, with the parish of Clonkeen, adjoining, in the county of Louth; the Boylans of Dartree; the MacGil Michaels, changed to Mitchell; the MacDonnells; the O'Connellys, and others.

This part of Orgiall was overrun by the forces of John de Courcy in the reign of King John, but the MacMahons maintained their national independence to the reign of Elizabeth, when Monaghan was formed into a county, so called from its chief town Muineachan, that is, the Town of Monks. The noble families now in Monaghan, are the Dawsons, barons of Cremorne; the Westenras, lords Rossmore; and the Blayneys, lords Blayney. The other chief landed proprietors are the families of Shirly, Lesley, Coote, Corry, and Hamilton.

From Colla-da-Chrich were also descended the MacGuires, lords of Fermanagh, and barons of Enniskillen; the O'Flanagans of Fermanagh; the O'Hanlons, chiefs of Hy-Meith-Tire, now the barony of Orior in Armagh, who held the office of hereditary regal standard-bearers of Ulster; the MacCathans or MacCanns of Clan Breasail, in Armagh; the O'Kellys, princes of Hy Maine, in the counties of Galway and Roscommon; and the O'Madagans or O'Maddens, chiefs of Siol Anmchadha or Silanchia, now the barony of Longford, in the county of Galway.

Colla Meann's posterity possessed the territory of Modhorn, that is, the districts about the mountains of Mourne.

That part of Orgiall, afterwards forming the county of Armagh, was possessed, as already stated, partly by the O'Hanlons and MacCanns, and partly by the O'Neills, O'Larkins, O'Duvanys, and O'Garveys of the Clanna Rory, who according to O'Brien, possessed the Craobh Ruadh, or territory of the famous Red Branch knights of Ulster; O'Hanrathys of Hy-Meith Macha; O'Donegans of Breasal Magha; and others.

The native chiefs held their independence down to the reign of Elizabeth, when Armagh was formed into a county A.D. 1586, by the lord deputy, Sir John Perrott. In Pynnar's Survey of Ulster, in the reign of James the First, the following are given as the chief families of British settlers, viz:- the Atchesons, Brownlows, Powells, St. Johns, Hamiltons, Copes, Rowllstons, &c. The noble families now in Armagh, are the Atchesons, earls of Gosford; the Caulfields, earls of Charlemont; and the Brownlows, barons of Lurgan.

 

The Hamiltons in former times had the title of earls of Clanbrassil.

In the ancient ecclesiastical divisions the territory of Orgiall was comprised within the diocese of Clogher; but in the 13th century the county of Louth was separated from Clogher and added to the diocese of Armagh. In early times there were bishops' sees at Clones and, Louth, which sees were afterwards annexed to Clogher. In the early writers we find the bishops of Clogher frequently styled bishops of Orgiall and Ergallia. At present the diocese of Clogher comprises the whole of Monaghan, the greater part of Fermanagh, parts of Donegal and Tyrone, and a small portion of Louth.

The see of Armagh, founded by St. Patrick in the 5th century, became the seat of an archdiocese, and the metropolitan see of all Ireland. The diocese of Armagh comprehends the greater part of that county, with parts of Louth, Meath, Tyrone, and Londonderry, and has ecclesiastical jurisdiction over the sees of Meath, Ardagh, Kilmore, Clogher, Raphoe, Derry, Down and Conor, and Dromore.

 

 

 

KINGS OF AIRGHIALLA[1]

 

I will not claim that the following list is comprehensive, but it is based on the sources indicated and is as near as I can get to providing a full list. Any updates/corrections would be appreciated. 

Mac Fhirbhisigh notes the following as the high-kings of Airghialla[2] from the early 4th to the 6th century. These names connect with the list below, from Colga onwards: Colla Uais (d. 327); Cairbre; Conall; Cumacsach; Eochaidh; Daimhín; Maol Foghartaigh; Conghal; Oilill; Tuathal; Giolla Coluim; Ceann Gamhna; Donnagán; Mac Ruadhrach; Béac; Mac Cuanach; Giolla Críost; Colga; Béag; Leathloghar; Maol Odhar; Donnchadh; Maol Con Caisil.

 

There are various differences in dates between the Annals of the Four Masters and the Annals of Ulster. There is very often a difference of three years between dates in the Four Masters and the Annals of Loch Cé. Depending on the source, some of the dates below have been modified to agree with those in the Four Masters.

 

 

 

 

Died AD

Comment

 

 

Cairpre Daimhin Airgit

513

 

 

Colga  

(520)

Floruit

 

Beg, son of Cuanach

594

 

 

Aedh, son of  Colgan 

606

 

 

Maelodhar Macha

636

 

 

Donnchadh, son of Ultan

675

 

 

Maelforthartaigh

695

 

 

Cumascach son of Cathail

825

Killed at Leath an Chaim

 

Congalach son of Cathail

825

 

 

Godfraigh, son of Fearghus

(835)

Floruit

 

Fogartach, son of Maelbreasail

850

 

 

Maelcaurarda, son of Maelbreasail

851

 

 

Conghalach, son of Finnachta

874

 

 

Maelpadraig, son of Maelcuararda

882

 

 

(Mael Muire son of Flannacán

914

heir designate of Airgialla)

 

Maelcraeibhe Ua Duibhsinaich

917

 

 

Fogartach, son of Donnagan

947

 

 

Egneach, son of Dalach

961

 

 

Donnacán son of Mael Muire 

970

 

 

Mac-Egnigh, son of Dalach

998

 

 

Macleighinn, son of Coireall 

1022

 

 

Cathalan Ua Crichan

1027

Lord of Fearnmagh[3] & Airghialla

 

Gillacoluim Ua hEignigh

1048

Overking of Airghialla

 

Leathlobhar Ua Laidhgnen 

1078

 

 

Ua Baigheallain

1086

 

 

Aedh Ua Baigheallain 

1093

 

 

Flann Ua hAinbhidh 

1096

King of South Airghialla

 

Ruaidhri Ua Ruadhagain

1099

Lord of the East of Airghialla

 

Cucaisill Ua Cearbhaill

1123

Lord of Fearnmhagh & Airghialla

 

Domhnall Ó Cearbhaill  

1123

 

 

Gillachrist Ua hEignigh[4]

1127

Lord of Fearnmhagh & Airghialla

 

Cú Midhe Ó Críochain 

1130

King of Fearnmhagh & Airghialla

 

Murchadh Ua Maeleachlainn[5]    

1153

 

 

Donough Ua Cearbhaill  

1168

Last pre-Norman king of Airghialla

 

[Ane[6]  

1171

Queen of Airghialla]

 

Murchadh Ua Cearbhaill

1189

Last over-king of Airghialla

 

O’Carroll, lord of Airghialla 

1194

Hanged by the English

 

Flaherty Ó Muldery[7] 

1197

 

 

Niall O’Hegny, lord of Airghialla

1199

 

 

Aedh Ua Neill[8]

1212

 

 

Domnall Mor Ua Domnaill[9] 

1241

 

 

Gilla-Patraig Ua Anluain

1243

Also king of Airthir

 

Murchadh Ua hAnluain

1247

 

 

Aedh Ua Neill the Tawny[10]

1264

 

 

Nicholas Verdon 

1271

 

 

Eochaidh Mac Mathghamhna

1273

Killed by Eachmharcach O’Hanlon

 

Eachmharcach Ua hAnluain 

c.1290

king of Airthir

 

Brian Mac Mathghamhna

1311

 

 

Rory Mac Mahon

1323

 

 

Aedh Mag Mathgamna

1342

 

 

Hugh Mac Mathghamhna

1344

 

 

Murchadh Mag Mathgamna junior

1344

Died after one week as king

 

Maghnus Mag Mathgamna

1357

 

 

Philip Mag Mathgamna

1362

 

 

Brian Mag Mathghamhna

(1365)

Floruit

 

Niall Mag Mathghamhna

(1365)

Floruit – joint-king with Brian

 

Mael-Sechlainn Mag Mathgamna

1366

 

 

Brian Mór Mag Mathgamna

1372

 

 

Philip Mac Mathgamna

1402

 

 

Ardghal Mac Mathghamna

1416

 

 

Brian Mag Mathgamna

1442

 

 

Maghnus Mag Mathgamna

1443

 

 

Rughraidhe Mag Mathgamna

1446

 

 

Hugh Roe Mac Mahon, (Aodh Rua)

1453

 

 

Feidhlimidh Mag Mathgamna

1466

 

 

Eoghan Mag Mathgamna

1467

 

 

Redmund Mag Mathgamna

1484

Died in captivity at Drogheda

 

Aedh Mag Mathgamna[11]

1496

Son of Aedh the Red

 

Brian Mag Mathghamhna

1497

 

 

Rossa Mac Mathghamhna

1513

 

 

Redmond Mag Mathghamhna

1521

 

 

Glaisne Mag Mathghamhna

(1521)

Floruit

 

Art son of Brian-na-mocherghi

(1584)

Floruit

 

Aedh Ruadh, the son of Art Mael

1589

 

 


[1] The list is based on: William M. Hennessy and B. MacCarthy, Editors, The Annals of Ulster, Dublin 1887,  John O’Donovan, Editor, The Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland by the Four Masters, Dublin 1998 & Sé Ó hInnse, Editor, Miscellaneous Irish Annals (A.D. 1114-1437), Dublin 1947 at http://www.ucc.ie/celt/index.html. Accessed 15-29/11/2005 and later dates, Whitley Stokes, ‘The Annals of Tigernach’ in Revue Celtique 1896/7 (Reprinted Wales 1993), William M. Hennessy, Editor, The Annals of Loch Cé (LC), London 1871.

[2] Dubhaltach Mac Fhirbhisigh, The Great Book of Irish Genealogies, Nollaig Ó Muraíle, Editor, Dublin 2002-03, Vol. II, p.75.

[3] Farney in County Monaghan.

[4] In LC he is referred to as ‘Chief King’.

[5] In Four Masters he is referred to as ‘King of Teamhair and Meath, with its dependent districts, of Airgialla, and, for a time, of the greater part of Leinster’.

[6] Wife of Murchadh Ua Cearbhaill, daughter of Mac Duinnsleibhe [Ua Eochadha].

[7] Lord of Kinel-Conaill, Kinel-Owen and Oriel.

[8] King of Cenal-Conaill and of Cenel-Eogain and of the Airghialla.

[9] King of Tir Conaill and For Manach and Cairpre and Airghialla from the Plain downwards.

[10] King of Tyrone, he took the lordship of Airghialla.

[11] Aedh lost the title of the Mag Mathghamhna in 1496 after being blinded. The title went to Brian Mag Mathghamhna, son of Redmond, son of Rughraidhe.

 

© J.B. Hall 2006

 

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30 December 2010

 

¦  935 Genealogy of Gairbhith ¦ 976 Genealogy of Cinaeth Mac Croinghille  ¦ 1285-1932 Drogheda Mayors ¦ 1361-1918 Co. Louth High Sheriffs ¦ 1586 Camden's Louth ¦ 1649-1734 Drogheda Council Book Name Index ¦ 1654 The Down Survey Dundalk Barony ¦ 1659-1901 Surname Analysis of Haggardstown ¦ 1665-1882 Title Deeds of County Louth Index ¦ 1689-1910 Regiments based in County Louth ¦ 1692-1841 Dundalk Corporate Officers ¦ 1734-1758 Drogheda Council Book Folio Name Index  ¦ 1740 Corn Census of County Louth ¦1756 Commission of Array ¦ 1775 Collon Cess Payers ¦ 1775-1810 Assizes ¦ 1796 Flax Growers ¦ 1804 Militia ¦ 1816 The Murders at Wildgoose Lodge ¦ 1822 Freeholders ¦ 1824 Freeholders ¦ 1830 County Louth Magistrates ¦ 1832 Dundalk Voters ¦1832 Dundalk: J.R. Eastwood Creditors ¦ 1833-40 Dundalk Union Ten Pound Valuations ¦ 1837 Dundalk Householders ¦ 1837 Dundalk Property Valuations ¦1837 Drogheda Householders  ¦ 1837 Lewis's Co. Louth ¦ 1837 Shareholders in Dundalk Western Railway ¦ 1839 Roden Tenants ¦ 1842 - The Montgomery Children, Dundalk ¦ 1842 Voters ¦ 1842 Thackeray's Louth ¦ 1848 WIlliam Torrens McCullagh ¦ 1846 Dundalk: The Long Panel ¦ 1851 Prisons in County Louth ¦ 1852 Thom's Directory - Co. Louth ¦ 1854 Patriotic Fund ¦ 1855 Ardee Convent ¦ 1855 Drogheda Poor Relief Fund ¦ 1855 The Louth Rifles - Recruits ¦1856/7 Emigrants ¦ 1858 The Wreck of the Mary Stoddard ¦ 1864 Map of Dundalk ¦ 1865 Voters ¦ 1868-1900 Haggardstown Internments Notified to Dundalk Democrat ¦1886 A Brief History  ¦ 1890 Tenants' Defence Fund  ¦ 1890 Dulargy Schools ¦ 1890 Louth Parish Church Fund ¦ 1890 St. Joseph's Dundalk Subscribers ¦ 1891 Bellingham Memorial ¦ 1891 Carroll Fund [Dundalk]  ¦ 1894 Monasterboice ¦ 1898 Tullyallen Subscribers ¦ 1900 Haggardstown Church Subscribers ¦ 1907 County Louth Through the Stereoscope ¦ 1908 Dundalk ¦ 1914-1918 The Returned Army ¦ 1915 Co. Louth Ambulance Fund  ¦  1917 Statistics of the County of Louth ¦ 1922-24 Civil War Period in Dundalk ¦ 1930-40 Newspaper Death Notices ¦ Miscellaneous ¦ The Annals of County Louth ¦ Baronies, Parishes and Townlands ¦ Burials ¦ Statistical Surveys ¦ Dowdallshill ¦ Links ¦ Monasterboice through the Stereoscope  ¦ Co. Louth Population ¦ What's New ¦ Louth Sources ¦ Books of Co. Louth Interest ¦ Memorial Inscriptions ¦ Name Index to County Louth Inscriptions  ¦ 1832 Some Co. Louth Antiquities ¦ Illustrations on this Web Site ¦ The Kingdom of Oriel ¦ Contact Me ¦ Copyright Notice ¦

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